Top Causes of Eye Problems

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Top Causes of Eye Problems
Most people have eye problems at one time or another. Some are minor and will go away on their own, or are easy to treat at home. Others need a specialist’s care.

Whether your vision isn’t what it used to be, or never was that great, there are things you can do to get your eye health back on track.

See if any of these common problems sound familiar. And always check with a doctor if your symptoms are really bad or don’t clear up within a few days.


  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration
  • Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the physical disturbance of the center of the retina called the macula.
  • Bulging Eyes
  • Bulging eyes, or proptosis, occurs when one or both eyes protrude from the eye sockets due to space taking lesions such as swelling of the muscles, fat, and tissue behind the eye.
  • Cataracts
  • Cataracts are a degenerative form of eye disease in which the lens gradually becomes opaque and vision mists over.
  • Cataracts in Babies
  • In rare cases, children develop cataracts in the first few years of their lives.
  • CMV Retinitis
  • CMV Retinitis is a serious infection of the retina that often affects people with AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and that may also affect people with other immune disorders.
  • Color Blindness
  • Color blindness is not actually blindness in the true sense but rather is a color vision deficiency—people who are affected by it simply do not agree with most other people about color matching.
  • Crossed Eyes (Strabismus)
  • Crossed eyes (or strabismus) occur when a person's eyes are not able to align on the same point at the same time, and appear to be misaligned or pointed in different directions.
  • Diabetic Macular Edema
  • Diabetic Macular Edema, DME, is caused by fluid accumulation in the macula. Patients with DME typically experience blurred vision which can be severe.
  • Eye Floaters and Eye Flashes
  • Floaters are small specks or clouds that move across your field of vision—especially when you are looking at a bright, plain background, like a blank wall or a cloudless blue sky.
  • Glaucoma
  • Glaucoma occurs when a build-up of fluid in the eye creates pressure, damaging the optic nerve.
  • Keratoconus
  • When the cornea in the front of the eye, which normally is round, becomes thin and cone-shaped.
  • Lazy Eye
  • Commonly known as lazy eye, amblyopia is poor vision in an eye that does not receive adequate use during early childhood.
  • Low Vision
  • Whenever ordinary glasses or contact lenses don't produce clear vision, you are considered to have low vision.
  • Ocular Hypertension
  • Ocular hypertension is an increase in pressure in the eye that is above the range considered normal.
  • Retinal Detachment
  • When the retina detaches, light-sensitive membrane in the back of the eye becomes separated from the nerve tissue and blood supply underneath it.
  • Eyelid Twitching
  • Sometimes your eyelid simply twitches.
  • Uveitis
  • Uveitis is the inflammation of the inside the eye, specifically affecting one or more of the three parts of the eye that make up the uvea.

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  • Patrizia Dantes
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